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被动语态重点知识点总结

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被动语态重点知识点总结 本文关键词:语态,知识点,被动,重点

被动语态重点知识点总结 本文简介:被动语态复习“三步曲”被动语态是动词语态的一种形式,表示主语是动作的承受者。在历年的中考题中,都有一定数量的考查被动语态的题目。因此,有必要对被动语态进行系统复习。第一曲:掌握被动语态的结构被动语态由“助动词+及物动词的过去分词“构成。不同时态的被动语态的差异主要体现在助动词be的变化上,同时助动词

被动语态重点知识点总结 本文内容:

被动语态复习“三步曲”

被动语态是动词语态的一种形式,表示主语是动作的承受者。在历年的中考题中,都有一定数量的考查被动语态的题目。因此,有必要对被动语态进行系统复习。

第一曲:掌握被动语态的结构

被动语态由“助动词+及物动词的过去分词“构成。不同时态的被动语态的差异主要体现在助动词be的变化上,同时助动词be还要在人称和数上与主语保持一致。现将初中阶段常见的几种时态的被动语态总结如下:

1.一般现在时的被动语态:am/is/are+done(指及物动词的过去分词,下同)如:

English

is

used

all

over

the

world.

2.一般过去时的被动语态:was/were+done如:

The

picture

was

painted

two

years

ago.

3.现在进行时的被动语态:am/is/are+being+done如:

The

flowers

are

being

watered

by

them

now.

4.现在完成时的被动语态:have(has)+been+done如:The

room

has

been

cleaned.

5.一般将来时的被动语态:will/be

going

to+be+done如:

The

work

will

be

finished

tomorrow.

6.含有情态动词的被动语态:情态动词+be+done如:Your

homework

must

be

handed

in

today.

其它几种特殊句型:

It

is

said

that

……

It

is

well

known

that

…….

It

is

reported

that……

have

sth

done

第二曲:掌握主动语态变被动语态的方法

把主动语态变为被动语态时,应走好以下三步:1)主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语;

2)主动语态的谓语动词由主动语态形式变为被动语态形式;

3)主动结构的主语变为介词by的宾语,组成介词短语,放在被动结构的谓语动词之后。在无须说明动作的执行者或只强调动作的承受者时,by短语可以省略。请看示范:

主动语态:My

brother

repaired

that

bike

yesterday.

主语

谓语动词

宾语其余部分

被动语态:That

bike

was

repaired

(by

my

brother)

yesterday.

主语

谓语动词

by+宾语其余部分

对于主动语态变为被动语态方法的考查,主要在句型转换题目中出现。只要能够按照上面介绍的方法去做,一般是能够做对的。

第三曲:注意主动语态变为被动语态的几种特殊句型

1.含有短语动词的被动语态

一般来说,只有及物动词才有被动语态。另外,许多不及物动词加上介词或副词构成的短语动词,相当于及物动词,后面也可加宾语。在变被动语态时,注意不可丢掉后面的介词或副词,常见的这类短语动词有:take

care

of,look

after,take

off,look

at,send

for,look

up等。如:

The

old

people

should

be

taken

good

care

of.

2.含有双宾语的动词的被动语态

含有双宾语的主动句改为被动句时,应将其中一个宾语改为被动结构的主语,另一个宾语仍保留在原处。一种情况是把间接宾语(指人)变为主语,直接宾语(指物)不变。另一种情况是把直接宾语(指物)变为主语,间接宾语(指人)不变,这时,间接宾语前通常加介词to,有时加for。如:

My

father

gave

me

a

new

book

on

my

birthday.→

I

was

given

a

new

book

(by

my

father)

on

my

birthday.

(间接宾语作了主语)

A

new

book

was

given

to

me

(by

my

father)

on

my

birthday.

(直接宾语作了主语)

3.带有复合宾语的动词的被动语态

带有复合宾语(宾语和宾语补足语)的主动语态变为被动语态时,只把宾语变为被动语态的主语,原来的宾语补足语不动。同时,如果宾语补足语是省略to的动词不定式,变为被动语态时,必须加上不定式符号to,这类动词有make,let,see,hear,watch等。如:

We

find

English

very

useful.→

English

is

found

very

useful.

宾语

宾补

I

often

hear

him

sing

in

his

room.→

He

is

often

heard

to

sing

in

his

room.

宾语

宾补

4.有的动词的主动形式可以表示被动意义,这类动词有:

wash,sell,smell,taste,sound,feel等。如:

The

books

sell

well.

The

food

tastes

good.

以上四种情况在中考题目中经常出现,同学们在碰到类似题目时,应首先分析属于哪种情况,然后再根据掌握的知识来做题。

二、被动语态考点归纳

1.

主动语态改为被动语态时,被动语态应和主动语态的时态保持一致。如:

We

speak

English

.

(改为被动语态)

English

________

_______

by

us.

[分析]此句主动语态为一般现在时态,被动语态也应用一般现在时态,因此,答案应是is

spoken。

2.

注意被动语态的谓语结构。

一般现在时是:am

/

is

/

are

+

p.p

;一般过去时是:was

/

were

+

p.p

;现在完成时是:have

/

has

/

been

+

p.p;现在进行时是:am

/

is

/

are

/

+

being

+

p.p;含有情态动词的是:情态动词+be

+

p.p。

有诗曰:被动语态须注意,谓语不离“be”“p.p”。主谓一致别忘记,“进行”易丢一个“be”。

(注:p.p过去分词)。如:

We

must

take

good

care

of

our

eyes.

(改为被动语态)

Our

eyes

must

____

_______

good

care

of.

[分析]此句中含有情态动词must,那么,我们根据“情态动词+be+p.p.”的公式可知,答案应是be

taken。

3.

注意句中主谓语的一致关系。如:

Tea

______

(grow)in

southeast

of

China

and

India.

[分析]此句中主语tea是不可数名词,作主语时谓语动词应用单数形式。而此句说明的又是一自然现象,因此就应用一般现在时态。所以,答案应是is

grown。

4.

注意复合宾语的变化。如:

They

couldn”t

make

the

cow

go.

(改为被动语态)

[分析]the

cow

go

在句中作make的复合宾语。一般情况下,变为被动语态后,宾语补足语的结构形式、所处位置原封不动地保存下来,但make

/

have

/

let

/

see

/

watch

/

hear

等后原可省的to要还原回来。显然,此句中,the

cow

go

中省去的to应还原回来,因此答案应是The

cow

couldn”t

be

made

to

go.

5.

注意双宾语的变化。如:

Mr

Smith

showed

the

students

two

pictures

yesterday

.

(改为被动语态)

Two

pictures

_____

______

_____

the

students

by

Mr

Smith.

[分析]变为被动语态时,双宾语中的任何一个皆可变为主语,一般变直接宾语,但间接宾语前必须加上介词to或for。此句中显然是把直接宾语变为被动语态的主语,那么,间接宾语前须加上介词to,所以答案应是were

shown

to。

6.

注意短语动词中的“小词”。如:

The

old

men

and

the

children

____

in

our

country.

A.

must

take

good

care

B.

must

be

taken

good

care

C.

must

be

taken

good

care

of

D.

must

take

good

care

of

[分析]短语动词是一个不可分割的整体,应当做一个词来看待,变成被动语态后,“小词”不能丢弃。因此,此题答案应是C。

(UNIT5)直接引语变间接引语

一、句式的变化

1.陈述句变为以that引导的宾语从句。〔that在口语中常省略〕

She

said,“Our

train

will

arrive

in

five

minutes.”

She

said

(that)

their

train

would

arrive

in

five

minutes.

He

said,“I’m

very

busy.”

He

said

(that)

he

was

very

busy.

2.

一般疑问句变成if/whether引导的宾语从句。

He

said,“Can

you

swim,John?”

He

asked

John

if

he

could

swim.

The

teacher

said,“Have

you

all

understood

me?”

The

teacher

asked

if

we

had

all

understood

him.

If/whether的用法主要区别点:

a.

whether可与or

(not)连用I

don’t

know

whether

he

will

come

or

not.

b.与介词连用:We

are

talking

about

whether

he

will

win.

c.与不定式连用:I

can’t

decide

whether

to

go

with

you.

3.

特殊疑问句变为由who/what/when等疑问词引导的宾语从句。

George

said,“When

will

you

get

back

from

Shanghai,Mike?”

George

asked

Mike

when

he

would

get

back

from

Shanghai

He

said,“Where

are

you

going?”

He

asked

where

I

was

going.

4.

祈使句变为动词不定式。〔表示命令时常用tell;表示请求时常用ask。Don’t变为not〕

The

teacher

said

to

the

boy,“Open

the

window

.”

The

teacher

told

the

boy

to

open

the

window.

His

father

said

to

him,“Don’t

leave

the

door

open.”

His

father

told

him

not

to

leave

the

door

open.

5

.反意疑问句,变为由if/whether引导的宾语从句。

She

asked

me,“You

have

seen

the

film,haven’t

you?”

She

asked

me

if/whether

I

had

seen

the

film.

6.

选择问句,变为whether…or…

I

asked

him,“Will

you

stay

at

home

or

go

to

a

film

tonight?”

I

asked

him

whether

he

would

stay

at

home

or

go

to

a

film

that

night.

7.

直接引语是感叹句时,变间接引语时可用what或how引导,有时也可用that引导。

She

said,“What

a

lovely

day

it

is!”

She

said

what

a

lovely

day

it

was.

She

said

that

it

was

a

lovely

day.

二、时态的变化

附:时态不变的几种情况:

1.

如主句谓语动词为一般现在时或一般将来时,则间接引语中的动词仍保持直接引语的原来时态。

He

says,“I’m

very

busy

today.”

He

says

(that)

he

is

very

busy

today.

He

will

say,“I

have

watered

the

flowers.”

He

will

say

(that)he

has

watered

the

flowers.

2.

直接引语如果是客观真理,事实,格言等内容时,变间接引语时,时态不变。

例:He

said:

“Light

travels

much

faster

than

sound.”

他说:“光传播的速度要比声音快得多。”

He

said

that

light

travels

much

faster

than

sound

3.

直接引语是书信、新闻报道等相关内容时,变间接引语时,时态不变。

4.

直接引语说的是一个人习惯的动作时,变间接引语时,时态不变。

5.

转述正在进行的对话时,变间接引语时,时态不变。

6.

直接引语有具体的表示过去的时间时,变间接引语时,时态不变。

7.

when

since

引导的时间状语从句时,变间接引语时,时态不变。

否则:如主句谓语动词为过去时,则间接引语中的动词应由现在时变为过去时

一般现在时→一般过去时

一般将来时→过去将来时

现在进行时→过去进行时

一般过去时→过去完成时

现在完成时→过去完成时

三、时间状语的变化

now

→then

last

month→the

month

before

toight→that

night

today→that

day

three

days

ago

three

days

before

tomorrow→

the

next

day

this

week→that

week

next

month→the

next

month

yesterday→the

day

before

the

day

after

tomorrow→in

two

days

例:She

said,“I

went

there

yesterday.”

她说,“我昨天去那儿了。”

She

said

that

she

had

gone

there

the

day

before.

她说她前一天去那儿了。

四、人称的变化

直接引语变为间接引语相当于把直接引语变为宾语从句。因此直接引语的人称要做相应的变化。

①直接引语的主语为第一人称时,变为间接引语要和主句的主语保持一致。

He

said:

“I

will

go

to

Beijing

tomorrow.”

He

said

that

he

would

go

to

Beijing

the

next

day.

②直接引语的主语为第二人称时,要和主句的宾语保持一致。

例:He

said

to

me:

“You

will

leave

tomorrow.”

He

told

me

that

I

would

leave

the

next

day.

③直接引语是第三人称为主语时,变间接引语时不变。

例:He

said

to

me:

“My

sister

will

leave

tomorrow.”

He

told

me

that

his

sister

would

leave

tomorrow.

He

said

to

us:

“They

want

to

come.”

He

told

us

that

they

wanted

to

go.

五、其它变化

指示代词的变化

this→that

these→those

She

said:

“I

will

come

this

morning.”她说,“我今天上午来。”

She

said

that

she

would

go

that

morning.

她说她那天上午去。

地点状语的变化

here→there

He

said,“My

sister

was

here

three

days

ago.他说:“我姐姐三天前在这儿。”

He

said

that

his

sister

had

been

there

three

days

before.

他说他姐姐三天前去那儿。

谓语动词的变化

come

→go

She

said,“I

will

come

here

tomorrow.”

她说,“我明天来这。”

She

said

that

she

would

go

there

the

next

day.

她说她第二天去那儿。

中考宾语从句常见错误例析

宾语从句是中考的考点,也是英语学习中的难点。现将宾语从句的常见错误作一归纳、分析。

一、连接词的错误例1:He

asked

___

there

was

a

bookshop

in

the

street?

A.

that

B.

what

C.

how

D.

whether

错解:A剖析:ask

表明了宾语部分含有询问意思。而that不能引导疑问语气的句子。引导一般疑问句通常用whether或if。

正解:D

例2:Tell

me

___

you

will

go

with

us

or

stay

at

home.

A.

if

B.

whether

C.

that

D.

how

错解:A剖析:在引导宾语从句时,if和whether通常可以互换。但有些情况是不能互换的。如果从句中提出了两种选择,或从句中有or

not结构的时候,只能用whether。正解:B

二、语序的错误例1:He

wanted

to

know

___.

A.

when

would

the

holiday

begin

B.

that

he

had

come

back

from

Beijing

C.

which

one

did

I

like

best

D.

how

he

could

get

to

the

station

错解:A或C剖析:宾语从句的从句部分必须用陈述句语序,而A、C为疑问句语序。正解:D例2:I

wonder

___.

A.

who

broke

the

window

B.

who

the

window

broke

C.

whose

coat

is

this

D.

what

is

the

population

of

China

错解:B、C或D剖析:C、D都是疑问句语序,此处需使用陈述句语序。B貌似陈述句语序,但实际上连接词who同时是从句的主语,而the

window则应是broke的宾语。正解:A

例3:I

don’t

know

___.

A.

which

room

I

can

live

B.

which

room

can

I

live

C.

which

room

I

can

live

in

D.

which

room

can

I

live

in

错解:A剖析:如果连接词在宾语从句中充当不及物动词后介词的宾语,并被放到从句句首时,不及物动词后面的介词不能少。正解:C

三、时态运用的错误例1:Long

long

ago,people

didn’t

know

the

earth

___

round

the

sun.

A.

moving

B.

moved

C.

moves

D.

went

错解:B或D剖析:在学习宾语从句时,我们知道有一个规则:就是一般情况下主从句的时态要考虑“一致性”原则。但当宾语从句表示的是科学真理、格言、客观事实或其他不受时间限制、影响,客观存在的事物时,宾语从句的动词时态不受主句时态的限制,仍可用一般现在时。正解:C

例2:Could

you

tell

me

___?

A.

when

he

will

come

back

B.

when

will

he

come

back

C.

when

would

he

come

back

D.

when

he

would

come

back

错解:D剖析:Could在这里不表示过去时态,而是表示语气的委婉,是客气的请求。正解:A

以上例析,基本涵盖了中考宾语从句的不同考点,希望它能给你的学习带来些许帮助。

(UNIT6)It

句型归纳:

1.It+is/was+形容词+(for/of

sb.)+动词不定式短语。

对于这个句型中究竟用

for还是用of,一般遵循这样的规则:如果形容词仅仅是描述事物的形容词,如:difficult,

easy,hard,important,dangerous等用for;如果形容词是描述不定式行为者的性格、品质的,如:kind,good,nice,clever等则用of。如:

It

is

interesting

to

play

with

snow

in

winter.冬季里玩雪是很有趣的。

It

s

important

for

us

to

keep

the

water

clean.保持水质清洁对我们来说是很重要的。

It

s

very

kind

of

you

to

say

so.你这样说真是太好了。

注意:这一句式中的形容词位置也可换用名词;连系动词be也可换用其它连系动词,如feel等。如:

It

s

a

good

habit

to

get

up

early

and

go

to

bed

early.早睡早起是好习惯。

It

must

be

great

fun

to

fly

to

the

moon

in

a

spaceship.乘宇宙飞船飞往月球一定很有趣。

It

feels

strange

to

have

a

twin

sister.有个孪生姐妹感觉很奇怪。

2.

It+is/was+形容词+从句。如:

It

is

certain

that

he

will

come.他一定会来。

It

s

true

that

he

may

fall

behind

the

other

students.他真的可能落后于其他同学。

It

is

strange

that

he

should

say

so.他居然这么说,真是奇怪。

3.

It

+is

/was

+one

s

turn(duty,pleasure)

+to

do

sth.意为“该轮到某人做某事(做某事是某人的责任、愉悦的事)”。如:

It

s

your

turn

to

be

on

duty

tomorrow.明天轮到你值日了。

4.

It

takes(sb.)some

time

to

do

sth.意为“(某人)花……时间做某事”。如:

It

took

me

a

week

to

finish

reading

the

book.我花了一周时间看完这本书。

5.It

+cost/costs

+sb.+some

money

+to

do

sth.译为“某人花多少钱做某事”。如:

It

cost

me

260

yuan

to

buy

the

new

watch.我买这块新手表花了260元。

6.It

seems

/seemed

+从句。译为“看起来好像……”,此结构可以转换成“seem

+动词不定式”形式。如:

It

seems

that

he

is

ill.=He

seems

to

be

ill.看起来他好像病了。

7.

主语+谓语+it+宾语补足语+动词不定式/动名词/从句。

该句型中宾语补足语可由形容词、名词等充当。如:

He

found

it

not

easy

to

learn

a

foreign

language

well.他发现学好一门外语是不容易的。

We

think

it

no

good

reading

in

bed.我们认为躺在床上看书无益处。

I

think

it

necessary

that

we

have

the

meeting.我认为开这个会是必要的

莲山课件

原文地址:http://www.jsfw8.com/Health/ba/54968.htm

篇2:20XX高考英语二轮复习方案专题限时训练名词、冠词、代词、形容词和副词、动词的时态和语态

2014高考英语二轮复习方案专题限时训练名词、冠词、代词、形容词和副词、动词的时态和语态 本文关键词:冠词,语态,代词,时态,副词

2014高考英语二轮复习方案专题限时训练名词、冠词、代词、形容词和副词、动词的时态和语态 本文简介:专项限时训练(十)[名词、冠词、代词、形容词和副词、动词的时态和语态](限时:每篇5分钟)一、名词考点Peoplelivingindifferent1.________(country)madedifferent2.________(kind)ofwords.Todaythereareaboutfi

2014高考英语二轮复习方案专题限时训练名词、冠词、代词、形容词和副词、动词的时态和语态 本文内容:

专项限时训练(十)

[名词、冠词、代词、形容词和副词、动词的时态和语态]

(限时:每篇5分钟)

一、名词考点

People

living

in

different

1.________

(country)

made

different

2.________

(kind)

of

words.

Today

there

are

about

fifteen

hundred

3.________

(language)

in

the

world.

Each

contains

many

4.________

(thousand)

of

words.

A

very

large

dictionary,for

example,contains

four

or

five

hundred

5.________

(thousand)

words.

But

we

do

not

need

all

these.

To

read

short

6.________

(story)

you

need

to

know

only

about

two

thousand

7.________

(word).

Before

you

leave

school,you

will

learn

only

one

thousand

or

more.

The

words

you

know

are

called

your

8.________

(vocabulary).

You

should

try

to

make

your

vocabulary

bigger.

Read

as

many

books

as

we

can.

There

are

a

lot

of

9.________

(book)

written

in

easy

English.

You

will

enjoy

them.

When

you

meet

new

words,look

them

up

in

your

dictionary.

Your

dictionary

is

your

most

useful

10.________

(book).

二、冠词考点

When

I

walked

down

1.________Third

Avenue,I

would

love

to

look

into

the

windows

of

2.________

little

shops

that

sold

old

and

beautiful

things.

Since

I

often

took

my

walk

after

closing

time,I

cupped

my

hands

against

3.________

windows

to

get

4.________

small

look

at

the

treasures

inside.

I

saw

things

that

told

5.________

story

without

words,bits

of

history,often

something

that

was

clearly

one

of

6.________

kind.

Some

things

looked

as

if

they

had

not

been

cared

for

7.________

long

time,but

I

knew

their

beauty

was

still

there

beneath

their

own

surface.

That

was

how

I

felt

about

old

people,too.

I

knew

their

value,and

it

hurt

me

when

others

missed

it.

I

was

raised

by

my

grandmother

and

given

8.________

deep

sense

of

the

value

of

experience.

Taught

to

behave

well,my

sister

and

I

respected

other

people,regardless

of

their

age

or

colour.

My

grandmother

was

loved

by

all

9.________

people

around

her.

She

was

known

to

be

10.________

wise

and

kind

woman,who

was

able

to

do

things

well

even

in

her

last

years.

Old

people

should

be

treated

as

fine

gold.

They

may

be

gradually

tarnished

by

age,but

they

can

be

polished

with

respect.

You

might

be

surprised

by

their

bright

and

shining

qualities.

三、代词考点

A

“Without

the

ball,I

m

half

complete

of

1.________

(my),”

Luis

Figo,one

of

the

world

s

greatest

football

players

once

said.

The

Portuguese

played

2.________

(him)

first

international

match

in

1991

at

the

age

of

3.________

and

has

kept

scoring

ever

since.

He

reached

a

new

mark

on

February

18

by

playing

his

one

hundredth

match

for

his

national

team

in

a

friendly

match

against

England.

A

crowd

of

more

than

30,000

fans

watched

and

cheered

for

him

in

Lishon.

“Figo,Figo!”4.________

shouted

excitedly

when

he

walked

onto

the

field.

The

Real

Madrid

player,31,wants

to

help

his

country

in

Euro

2004

and

to

win

5.________

(other)

Spanish

Cup

with

Real

Madrid.

Madrid

bought

Figo

from

FC

Barcelona

for

82.4

million

US

dollars

in

2000,and

he

showed

6.________

(anyone)

what

a

great

player

he

was

by

winning

FIFA

s

Footballer

of

the

Year

award

in

2001.

“Figo

works

like

an

artist

and

has

the

skills

to

be

the

most

complete

player,”

said

FIFA

President

Joseph

Blatter

in

2001.

Figo

7.________

(he)

is

a

real

leader

8.________

(which)

always

tries

his

best

on

the

field

and

a

good

team

player.

He

doesn

t

have

any

problems

working

together

with

his

teammate

at

Real

Madrid,star

footballer

David

Beckham.

In

fact,Figo

was

the

first

9.________

(one)

to

welcome

Beckham

when

he

arrived.

“We

have

a

strong

team,and

we

can

help

each

10.________

(another)

and

work

together

to

be

successful,”

Figo

said.

B

One

day,as

Zeng

Zi

s

wife

was

going

out,her

child

began

to

cry,begging

to

go

with1.________.“Stay

home,”

the

mother

said

to

him.

“When

2.________

return,we

ll

kill

a

pig

for

3.________

dinner!”When

she

came

back,4.________

found

Zeng

Zi

preparing

to

slaughter

a

pig

for

the

child

s

meal.

She

hurried

over

to

stop

5.________,

“What

are

you

doing?

You

re

not

really

going

to

kill

a

pig,are

you?

I

was

just

kidding

him!”“How

can6.________

lie

to

children?”

Zeng

Zi

replied.

“7.________

learn

each

and

8.________

movement

from

9.________

parents.

If

10.________

deceive

your

child

with

lies,you

are

teaching

the

child

to

lie.

One

cannot

educate

children

this

way.”In

the

end,Zeng

Zi

killed

the

pig.

四、形容词和副词考点

A

Some

people

think

that

they

will

get

ill

if

they

use

their

brains

1.________

much.

It

is

not

true.

Through

many

studies,scientists

show

us

that

the

2.________

you

use

your

brain,the

better

it

will

be

and

the

3.________

(clever)

you

will

become.

Of

course,if

you

want

to

keep

your

mind

4.________

(clearly)

and

active,you

must

take

a

proper

rest

and

study

5.________

(proper).

To

the

teenagers,using

their

brains

in

the

morning

is

6.________

(well)

for

their

health.

There

are

many

ways

to

rest.

One

is

a

peaceful

rest.

Sleep

is

a

7.________

(peace)

rest.

Another

is

an

8.________

(act)

rest.

For

example,take

a

walk

9.________

(outdoor);

do

more

exercise

every

day.

To

change

the

way

of

the

brains

activities

is

also

a

good

way

to

rest.

In

everyday

life,to

eat

some

eggs,meat,fresh

vegetables

and

fruit

is

also

good

for

the

brains.

Wish

you

a

wise

man

and

a

10.________

(happily)

life.

B

Dads

are

there

for

you

when

you

need

them

1.________(much).

They

look

after

you

2.________

when

you

are

sick

and

help

you

whenever

you

need

them.

Now

it

is

the

time

to

show

them

your

care,3.________.

Father

s

Day

is

coming

on

June

20th.

It

is

a

day

to

honour

fathers

all

over

the

world

and

a

time

to

make

dads

feel

special.

Donora

Dodd

is

said

to

have

first

come

up

with

the

idea

of

a

“Father

s

Day”

in

1909.

Dodd,who

lived

in

Washington

D.C.,USA,wanted

to

honour

her

father,William

Smart.

Dodd

s

mother

died

while

giving

birth

to

the

family

s

sixth

child.

Her

father

had

to

raise

the

whole

family

by

himself

on

a

farm.

When

Dodd

grew

4.________,

she

came

to

see

how

strong

and

selfless

her

father

had

been

when

he

raised

them

all

5.________(lonely).

Dodd

s

father

was

born

on

June

5th,so

she

tried

her

6.________

to

get

a

holiday

made

for

that

day

in

1910.

But

the

local

government

was

slow

to

agree.

It

wasn

t

until

the

third

Sunday

of

June

1910

that

Father

s

Day

was

first

held

7.________(final).

In

other

cities

across

America,people

8.________

began

to

celebrate

Father

s

Day.

In

1924,US

President

Callvin

Coolidge

tried

to

make

it

into

a

national

holiday.

But

it

wasn

t

until

1966

that

the

day

was

made

official

for

Americans.

Since

9.________,

Father

s

Day

has

become

a

time

to

honour

not

only

fathers,but

also

all

people

who

are

like

a

father

to

you.

That

could

be

uncles,grandfathers

or

older

male

friends

as

10.________(good).

Many

people

give

their

fathers

flowers

as

a

gift

on

this

day.

Red

and

white

roses

are

the

official

Father

s

Day

flowers.

C

A

father

sat

at

his

desk

looking

at

and

carefully

studying

his

1.________

(month)

bills

when

his

young

son

rushed

in

and

announced,“Dad,because

this

is

your

birthday

and

you

re

55

years

old,I

m

going

to

give

you

55

kisses,one

for

each

year!”

But

the

father

exclaimed,“Oh,Andrew,don

t

do

it

now,and

I

m

too

busy!”

The

youngster

immediately

fell

2.________

(silence)

as

tears

flew

down

from

his

big

blue

eyes.

3.________

(apological)

the

father

said,“You

can

finish

later.”

The

boy

said

nothing

but

4.________

(quiet)

walked

5.________,disappointment

written

over

his

face.

That

evening

the

father

said,“Come

and

finish

the

kisses

now,Andrew!”

But

the

boy

didn

t

respond.6.________

(fortunate),the

boy

had

an

accident

and

was

drowned.

His

heartbroken

father

wrote,“If

only

I

could

tell

him

how

much

I

regret

my

7.________

(thought)

words,and

could

be

assured

that

he

knows

how

much

my

heart

is

aching.”Love

is

a

two-way

street.

Any

loving

act

must

be

8.________

(warm)

accepted

or

it

will

be

taken

as

rejection

and

can

leave

a

scar.

Nothing

is

more

9.________

(importance)

than

responding

with

love

to

the

cry

for

love

from

those

who

are

near

and

10.________(preciously)

to

us.

Because

there

may

be

no

chance

at

all

as

in

the

case

of

the

little

boy.

五、动词的时态和语态考点

A

Dan

Robinson

1.________

(worry)

all

week.

Last

Tuesday

he

received

a

letter

from

the

local

police.

In

the

letter

he

2.________

(ask)

to

call

at

the

station.

Dan

wondered

why

he

3.________

(want)

by

the

police,but

he

went

to

the

station

yesterday

and

now

he

4.________

(not

worry)

any

more.

At

the

station,he

5.________

(tell)

by

a

smiling

policeman

that

his

bicycle

6.________

(find).

“Five

days

ago,”

the

policeman

told

him,“the

bicycle

7.________

(pick)

up

in

a

small

village

four

hundred

miles

away.

It

is

now

8.________

(send)

to

your

home

by

train.”

Dan

was

most

surprised

when

he

heard

the

news.

He

was

amused,too,because

he

never

expected

the

bicycle

9.________

(find).

It

10.________

(steal)

twenty

years

ago

when

Dan

was

a

boy

of

fifteen.

B

When

he

was

a

little

boy,Christopher

Cockerell

once

watched

his

mother

turning

the

wheel

of

her

sewing-machine

with

her

hand.“Wouldn

t

it

work

quickly

if

a

machine

1.________

(turn)

the

wheel

for

you?”

he

asked.“I

suppose

it

would,”

said

his

mother,without

paying

any

attention

to

him.Christopher

2.________

(know)

she

always

had

a

lot

of

work,and

he

wanted

to

help.

In

his

bedroom

there

was

a

toy

steam-engine

which

his

father

3.________

(buy)

him

as

a

gift.

“I

4.________

(make)

better

use

of

it,”

little

Christopher

said

to

himself.

So,when

his

mother

5.________

(not

use)

her

sewing-machine,he

fixed

the

toy

steam-engine

onto

it.

When

the

job

6.________

(finish),he

was

quite

pleased,thinking

his

mother

7.________

(like)

it.“Very

clever,”

his

mother

said,when

she

saw

it.

Then

she

sat

down

and

went

on

turning

the

wheel

by

hand.

“I

8.________

(work)

like

this

for

too

many

years,”

she

explained.This

taught

Christopher

the

lesson

that

anyone

who

9.________

(try)

to

improve

anything

10.________

(have)

to

learn:

many

people

don

t

like

new

ideas.

专项限时训练(十)

一、名词考点

1.countries

2.kinds

3.languages

4.thousands

5.thousand

6.stories

7.words

8.vocabulary

9.books

10.book

二、冠词考点

1.the

2.the

3.the

4.a

5.a

6.the

7.a

8.a

9.the

10.a

三、代词考点

A

1.myself

2.his

3.him

4.All

5.another

6.everyone

7.himself

8.who

9.one

10.other

B

1.her

2.I

3.your

4.she

5.him

6.we

7.They

8.every

9.their

10.you

四、形容词和副词考点

A

1.too

2.more

3.cleverer

4.clear

5.properly

6.good

7.peaceful

8.active

9.outdoors

10.happy

B

1.most

2.well

3.too

4.up

5.alone

6.best

7.finally

8.soon

9.then

10.well

C

1.monthly

2.silent

3.Apologically

4.quietly

5.away

6.Unfortunately

7.thoughtless

8.warmly

9.important

10.precious

五、动词的时态和语态考点

A

1.has

been

worried

2.was

asked

3.was

wanted

4.is

not

worried

5.was

told

6.had

been

found

7.was

picked

8.being

sent

9.to

be

found

10.was

stolen

B

1.turned

2.knew

3.had

bought

4.will/shall

make

5.was

not

using

6.was

finished

7.would

like

8.have

been

working

9.tries

10.has

篇3:动词的时态和语态总结

动词的时态和语态总结 本文关键词:语态,时态,动词

动词的时态和语态总结 本文简介:动词的时态和语态总结2I.动词的时态:1.动词的时态一共有16种,以ask为例,将其各种时态的构成形式列表如下:现在时过去时将来时过去将来时一般ask/asksaskedshall/willaskshould/wouldask进行am/is/areaskingwas/wereaskingshall/

动词的时态和语态总结 本文内容:

动词的时态和语态总结

2

I.动词的时态:

1.

动词的时态一共有16种,以ask为例,将其各种时态的构成形式列表如下:

现在时

过去时

将来时

过去将来时

一般

ask

/

asks

asked

shall/will

ask

should/would

ask

进行

am/is/are

asking

was/were

asking

shall/will

be

asking

should/would

be

asking

完成

have/has

asked

had

asked

shall/will

have

asked

should/would

have

asked

完成进行

have/has

been

asking

had

been

asking

shall/will

have

been

asking

should/would

have

been

asking

2

II.

动词的被动语态:

常用被动语态

构成

常用被动语态

构成

1

一般现在时

am/is/are

asked

6

过去进行时

was/were

being

asked

2

一般过去时

was/were

asked

7

现在完成时

have/has

been

asked

3

一般将来时

shall/will

be

asked

8

过去完成时

had

been

asked

4

过去将来时

should/would

be

asked

9

将来完成时

will/would

have

been

asked

5

现在进行时

am/is/are

being

asked

10

含有情态动词的

can/must/may

be

asked

被动语态的否定式是在第一个助动词或情态动词后加not,短语动词的被动态不可漏掉其中介副词。固定结构be

going

to,used

to,have

to,had

better变为被动态时,只需将其后的动词变为被动态。

如:

Trees

should

not

be

planted

in

summer.

/

The

boy

was

made

fun

of

by

his

classmates.

Newspapers

used

to

be

sent

here

by

the

little

girl.

汉语有一类句子不出现主语,在英语中一般可用被动结构表示。如:

It

is

believed

that…

It

is

generally

considered

that…

It

is

said

that…

It

is

well

known

that…

It

must

be

pointed

out

that…

It

is

supposed

that…

It

is

reported

that…

It

must

be

admitted

that…

It

is

hoped

that…

下面主动形式常表示被动意义:如:

The

window

wants/needs/requires

repairing.

The

book

is

worth

reading

twice.

The

door

won’t

shut.

/

The

play

won’t

act.

The

clothes

washes

well.

/

The

book

sells

well.

The

dish

tastes

delicious.

/

Water

feels

very

cold.

下面词或短语没有被动态:

leave,enter,reach,become,benefit,cost,equal,contain,last,lack,fit,fail,have,appear,happen,occur,belong

to,take

place,break

out,come

about,agree

with,keep

up

with,consist

of,have

on,lose

heart等等

非谓语动词

2

I.非谓语动词的分类、意义及构成:

非谓语形式

构成

特征和作用

时态和语态

否定式

复合结构

不定式

to

do

to

be

doing

to

have

done

to

be

done

to

have

been

done

在非谓语前加not

for

sb.

to

do

sth.

具有名词,副词和形容词的作用

在句中做主、宾、定、表和状语

分词

现在分词

doing

having

done

being

done

having

been

done

具有副词和形容词的作用

在句中做定、表、宾补和状语

过去分词

done

动名词

doing

having

done

being

done

having

been

done

sb’s

doing

具有名词的作用

在句中做主、宾、定和表语

2

II.

做宾语的非谓语动词比较:

情况

常用动词

只接不定式做宾语的动词

hope,want,offer,long,fail,expect,wish,ask,decide,pretend,manage,agree,afford,determine,promise,happen

只接动名词做宾语的动词或短语

mind,miss,enjoy,imagine,practise,suggest,finish,escape,excuse,appreciate,admit,prevent,keep,dislike,avoid,risk,resist,consider

can’t

help,feel

like,succeed

in,be

fond

of,object

to,get

down

to,be

engaged

in,insist

on,think

of,be

proud

of,take

pride

in,set

about,be

afraid

of,be

tired

of,look

forward

to,devote

oneself

to,be

worth,be

busy,pay

attention

to,stick

to

两者都可以

意义基本相同

begin,start,like,love,hate,prefer,continue(接不定式多指具体的动作,接动名词多指一般或习惯行为)

need,want,require(接动名词主动形式表示被动意义,若接不定式则应用被动形式)

意义相反

stop

to

do

停止手中事,去做另一件事

stop

doing

停止正在做的事

意义不同

remember/forget/regret

to

do(指动作尚未发生)

remember/forget/regret

doing(指动作已经发生)

go

on

to

do(接着做另外一件事)

go

on

doing(接着做同一件事)

try

to

do(设法,努力去做,尽力)

try

doing(试试去做,看有何结果)

mean

to

do(打算做,企图做)

mean

doing

(意识是,意味着)

can’t

help

to

do(不能帮忙做)

can’t

help

doing(忍不住要做)

2

III.非谓语动词做宾语补足语的区别:

常见动词

与宾语的逻辑关系及时间概念

例句

不定式

ask,beg,expect,get,order,tell,want,wish,encourage

主谓关系。强调动作将发生或已经完成

I

heard

him

call

me

several

times.

have,notice,see,watch,hear,feel,let,make

现在分词

notice,see,watch,hear,find,keep,have,feel

主谓关系。强调动作正在进行,尚未完成

I

found

her

listening

to

the

radio.

过去分词

动宾关系。动作已经完成,多强调状态

We

found

the

village

greatly

changed.

2

IV.

非谓语动词做定语的区别:

区别

举例

不定式

与被修饰词往往有动宾关系,一般式表示将来,进行式表示与谓语动作同时发生,完成式表示在谓语动词之前发生

I

have

a

lot

of

papers

to

type.

I

have

a

lot

of

papers

to

be

typed.

动名词

通常指被修饰词的用途,无逻辑上的任何关系

Shall

we

go

to

the

swimming

pool?

现在分词

与被修饰词之间是主谓关系,表示动作与谓语动作同时发生

the

boiling

water

/

the

boiled

water

the

developing

country/the

developed

country

the

falling

leaves

/

the

fallen

leaves

过去分词

与被修饰词之间是被动关系,表示动作发生在谓语动作之前,现已经完成

2

V.

非谓语动词做主语和表语的区别:

区别

举例

不定式

多表示一个特定的具体的将来的动作,做主语时可以借助于it把不定式移到句子后面。做表语有时可和主语交换位置,而且意义不变,并且还能用what来提问主语或表语。

My

dream

is

to

become

a

teacher.

To

obey

the

law

is

important.

(dream,business,wish,idea,plan,duty,task做主语时常用)

动名词

与不定式的功能区别不大,然而它更接近于名词,表示的动作比较抽象,或者泛指习惯性的动作,有时也可以用it做形式主语,做表语时可以和主语互换位置。

It

is

no

use

saying

that

again

and

again.

Teaching

is

my

job.

分词

无名词的性质,不能做主语。但是有形容词的性质,可以做表语,多表明主语的特征性质或者状态等,可被very,quite,rather等副词修饰。

现在分词多含有“令人…”之意,说明主语的性质特征,多表示主动,主语多为物。过去分词一般表示被动或主语所处的状态,含有“感到…”之意,主语多是人。

The

situation

is

encouraging.

The

book

is

well

written.

(常见分词有astonishing,moving,tiring,disappointing,puzzling,shocking,boring,amusing及其-ed形式)

3

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